Borneo International Journal eISSN 2636-9826 https://majmuah.com/journal/index.php/bij <p class="font_7" style="font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16px;">Borneo International&nbsp;Journal ISSN 2636-9826 (online) is a single blind peer-reviewed, Open Access&nbsp;journal that publishes&nbsp;original research and&nbsp;reviews covering a wide range of subjects in Islamic studies, Arabic language, science, technology, business, management, social science, architecture and medicine.&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size: 16px;">It also publishes&nbsp;special issues of selected conference papers.</span></p> <p class="font_7" style="font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> Majmuah Enterprise en-US Borneo International Journal eISSN 2636-9826 2636-9826 Benchmarking the Innovation Performance of the ASEAN-5: Fostering Science, Technology, and Innovation https://majmuah.com/journal/index.php/bij/article/view/602 <p>This study assesses the scientific, technological, and innovative performance of the member countries of the Association of South-east Asian Nations (ASEAN)-5. The term "ASEAN-5" is used to denote the initial five member countries of the Association of South-east Asian Nations (ASEAN), namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. This study aims to reassess extensive datasets from various countries by encompassing multiple dimensions of indicators to evaluate the performance and growth of science, technology, and innovation (STI) through regression analysis. This study also compares the previous findings regarding the science, technology, and innovation (STI) policy in ASEAN countries. The result of this study identified that human resources, especially number of researchers in ASEAN-5 countries is the most significant factors to effect STI performance. Other than that, intellectual properties also somehow can affect STI performance of ASEAN-5 countries. The discovery of this study can also serve as an assessment tool for monitoring progress in the implementation of 'Vision 2025'.</p> Farah Atiqah Sharif ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-12-01 2023-12-01 6 4 1 8 Leadership Style Among Women Leaders in Sabah https://majmuah.com/journal/index.php/bij/article/view/619 <p>Every woman has the quality to become a great leader with their leadership style. However, women’s representation as a leader in organizations is still low, especially in Southeast Asian countries. Hence, the focus of this paper is to explore the leadership styles among women leaders in government agencies and private organizations in Sabah. This paper applied the quantitative research method with a gender perspective, which was participated by 282 respondents in the survey. The results showed five leadership styles: democratic, autocratic, laissez-faire, transactional and transformational. Among those leadership styles, women in Sabah practised democratic, transactional, transformational and laissez-faire styles in leading their subordinates and organization. Meanwhile, autocratic is less applied by woman leaders in Sabah.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em>Women leaders, leadership styles, government agencies, private organizations, quantitative method.</em></p> Jasmine David Rozita Uji Mohammed Agnes Paulus Jidwin Dewi Tajuddin Jacqueline Koh Siew Len ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-12-01 2023-12-01 6 4 9 15 A Review of Feature-based Technique in Text-based Steganography https://majmuah.com/journal/index.php/bij/article/view/612 <p>Text steganography is one of the major forms of data security in communication. It is widely applied in the modern digital era for securely transferring confidential and private data without raising any suspicions. The well-known technique in text steganography called feature-based is used to conceal information. This technique manipulates and alters some features of characters in the cover message before sending it out to the intended recipient. The modifications are ensured won’t compromise the integrity of the secret message.&nbsp; This paper presents an overview of the feature-based technique used in the text domain. The review is conducted according to approaches applied in the feature-based technique. Hence, the main aim of this paper is to review the technique used and highlight the strengths and weaknesses of each technique used in text steganography for safely hiding the secret message. The conclusion emphasizes how the feature-based technique is advantageous for providing data protection by avoiding the detection of third parties during the delivery of the information.</p> Siti Norussaadah Mohd Salleh Roshidi Din Nur Haryani Zakaria ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-12-01 2023-12-01 6 4 16 24 The Use and Mastery of the Javanese Language among New Generation https://majmuah.com/journal/index.php/bij/article/view/617 <p>This paper explores the use and mastery of the Javanese language among the new generation of the Sarawak Javanese community in Malaysia. The Sarawak’s Javanese community, descended from Javanese migrants who settled in Sarawak, represents a unique linguistic and cultural group within the region. The research aims to investigate the current status of the Javanese language among the Sarawak Javanese new generation and understand the factors that influence its usage and proficiency. A mixed-methods approach, combining qualitative interviews and quantitative surveys, is employed to gather the data. This study used purposive sampling technique, involving Javanese community groups in several major settlement locations in the State of Sarawak, Malaysia. The findings reveal that the use of Javanese among the Sarawak Javanese new generation is influenced by various factors such as family background, community dynamics, educational exposure, socio-economic factors, and the influence of dominant languages such as Malay and English. While certain factors contribute to language proficiency, there are also barriers that need to be addressed. The findings also highlight the importance of community support, educational initiatives, and the preservation of cultural identity to ensure the continued use and mastery of the Javanese language among the Sarawak Javanese new generation.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Javanese language, Javanese community, language preservation, Javanese youths</p> Azlina Bujang Yussri Sawani Aiza Johari Zainon Haji Bibi Siti Huzaimah Sahari ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-12-01 2023-12-01 6 4 25 30 Artificial Intelligence Technology Adoption in TVET: A Survey From the Perspective of Lahad Datu Community College Students https://majmuah.com/journal/index.php/bij/article/view/618 <p>This study aims to examine the acceptance of artificial intelligence technology in Technical and Vocational Education and Training by Lahad Datu Community College students using the Technology Acceptance Model as the basic framework. The data collection process is done through the distribution of questionnaires using the simple sampling method. As a result, 82 responses were received from respondents. This amount is 20 percent more than the set target. In general, the results of the questionnaire analysis show that the acceptance of artificial intelligence technology in Technical and Vocational Education and Training among Lahad Datu Community College students is still at a moderate level. Therefore, efforts need to be coordinated so that the benefits of this technology can be used at a high level in accordance with the development of the world. Overall, the findings of this study provide input to the management of Lahad Datu Community College in particular to further increase the students’ level of acceptance towards artificial intelligence technology in Technical and Vocational Education and Training.</p> Ahmad Al-Munzir Ridzuan Nurfatin Syafawani Junaidi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-12-01 2023-12-01 6 4 31 38 MyBuddy for Early Detection of School Disengagement:User Assessment of Interaction Elements https://majmuah.com/journal/index.php/bij/article/view/622 <p>School dropout is a critical issue globally, impacting educational justice and leading to adverse effects on employment, lifetime wages, and physical health. Efforts to combat student disengagement include the development of an intelligent tutoring system (ITS), aimed at identifying and addressing instances where students lose interest in tasks, ultimately addressing the complex challenge of school dropout through technology-driven interventions. It is difficult to predict disengagement on a trial-by-trial basis, especially in complicated cognitive areas. In order to identify the risk of school disengagement among vulnerable secondary school pupils, the <em>MyBuddy</em>mobile application was created as a smart classifier. The functioning engine of <em>MyBuddy</em>is translated from a computational model made up of fourteen predictors for the four primary entities of student, family, school, and environment. The application employs advanced mathematical models to assess data and generate risk scores, which indicate the probability of student dropout. The recent technical assessment of MyBuddy, conducted by 27 experts using seven measurement metrics, has yielded positive results affirming the application's overall interactivity. However, the assessment also pinpointed specific areas where enhancements are warranted. Notably, improvements are needed in the clarity of error messages and notifications, responsiveness of touch gestures, and the clarity of icons and labels within MyBuddy. This insight provides a clear roadmap for refining MyBuddy, ensuring that these identified aspects are enhanced to further elevate the application's user experience and overall effectiveness. <em>MyBuddy</em>provides a centralized platform for accessing and analyzing combined data from multiple schools, enabling the identification of patterns, trends, and systemic issues contributing to dropout rates. It seeks to bring a transformation in dropout prevention and promote a more inclusive and fair education system in Kedah, Malaysia, aligning with the fourth Sustainable Development Goal that strives to ensure quality education for all.</p> Noraziah Che Pa Wan Hussain Wan Ishak Ahmad Hanis Mohd Shabli ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-11-01 2023-11-01 6 4 39 45 MyLife - Web-based Personalised Diary https://majmuah.com/journal/index.php/bij/article/view/620 <p>"MyLife" is an innovative web-based platform that redefines the concept of journaling. It offers individuals a private and highly customizable digital space for recording personal experiences, thoughts, and emotions, ushering in a modern era for this age-old tradition. The project meticulously progresses through five essential stages: planning, analysis, design, coding, and testing, ensuring a well-structured development process. Users of the "MyLife" platform can craft their digital diaries to align precisely with their unique preferences and styles. Its web-based nature ensures accessibility from a variety of internet-connected devices, allowing the seamless documentation of thoughts and memories on the go.&nbsp; A notable feature of "MyLife" is its adaptability to individual needs. Users can personalize diary entries with fonts, colors, and formatting options, creating visually captivating representations of their innermost thoughts. The platform also seamlessly incorporates multimedia elements, enabling users to include photos, videos, and audio recordings for a more engaging diary experience.&nbsp; The overarching objective of this project is to promote personal growth, self-awareness, and emotional well-being by offering a digital sanctuary for self-reflection, expression, and meaningful documentation. Whether used as a therapeutic tool, creative outlet, or memory repository, this web-based diary project empowers individuals on their path of self-discovery and introspection. Initial feedback from 38 respondents has been overwhelmingly positive, affirming its potential as a valuable tool for personal expression and growth.</p> <p>Keywords: Personalized diary; Web-based journaling; Digital diary experience; Self-reflection; Emotional well-being</p> Lee Tzong Ying Wan Hussain Wan Ishak ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-12-01 2023-12-01 6 4 46 51