https://majmuah.com/journal/index.php/bij/issue/feed Borneo International Journal eISSN 2636-9826 2019-10-12T06:45:11+00:00 Editor-in-Chief borneointernationaljournal@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p class="font_7" style="font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16px;"><span style="font-weight: bold;">Overview</span></span></p> <p class="font_7" style="font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16px;">Borneo International&nbsp;Journal ISSN 2636-9826 (online) is a peer-reviewed, Open Access&nbsp;journal that publishes&nbsp;original research and&nbsp;reviews covering a wide range of subjects in Islamic studies, Arabic language, science, technology, business, management, social science, architecture and medicine.&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size: 16px;">It also publishes&nbsp;special issues of selected conference papers.</span></p> <p class="font_7" style="font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16px;"><span class="wixGuard">​</span></span><span style="font-size: 16px;"><span style="font-weight: bold;">Publication Issues&nbsp;</span></span></p> <p class="font_7" style="font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16px;">Borneo International Journal is quarterly published.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="font_7" style="font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> https://majmuah.com/journal/index.php/bij/article/view/34 E-readiness Indicators among Individual on Sarawak Digital Economy 2019-10-03T11:18:07+00:00 Ahmad Faisal Mahdi ahmadfaisal.mahdi@gmail.com Siti Farah Lajim farahlajim@uitm.edu.my Abang Feizal Abang Ibrahim abangfeizal@uitm.edu.my M.Z. Mohd Zin zaiduitm@gmail.com <p class="Text"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 9.0pt;">Sarawak has declared that the country will be shifting to the new digital era following the trend with the rest of the world. In conjunction with the shift, Sarawak will be upgrading its economy from dependence on the physical form with efficiency as well the effectiveness of the support from the Digital era technology. In still the Sarawak Digital Economy Policy 2018 – 2022 was established by the Chief Minister of Sarawak to materialize the agenda. To support the agenda, the authors distributed 312 questionnaires cross the Sarawak 8 District. The findings have shown the level of readiness among individual on Sarawak Digital Economy policy which needs to be addressed by the local authorities to ensure these agenda become successful.</span></p> 2019-10-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://majmuah.com/journal/index.php/bij/article/view/33 Kesepaduan Sosial dalam Hubungan antara Agama di Pedalaman Sabah 2019-10-03T11:18:41+00:00 Suraya Sintang surayasin12@gmail.com Budi Anto Mohd. Tamring surayasin12@gmail.com Nur Farhana Abdul Rahman surayasin12@gmail.com Siti Aidah Lukin surayasin12@gmail.com Halina Sendera Mohd Yakin surayasin12@gmail.com <p>Kesepaduan sosial adalah indikator penting bagi mencerminkan situasi aman dan harmoni sesebuah komuniti. Ia merupakan prasyarat kepada kestabilan dalam mendepani sebarang isu yang mencetuskan konflik atas sebab agama dan etnik. Kajian lepas menunjukkan hubungan antara agama dan etnik di Malaysia bersifat turun naik yang digambarkan dalam tiga fasa; era konflik, era stabil tetapi tegang dan era kesepaduan sosial.&nbsp; Makalah ini mebincangkan elemen dan indikator kesepaduan sosial yang membentuk hubungan harmonis antara agama dalam kalangan masyarakat pedalaman Sabah. Elemen kesepaduan sosial boleh diperhatikan melalui sikap toleransi dan sikap penerimaan terhadap isu-isu yang melibatkan hubungan antara agama. Pengumpulan data menggunakan metode kuantitatif dan kualitatif melalui soal selidik, pemerhatian dan temubual bersama informan terpilih di daerah Tambunan dan Tenom, Sabah melibatkan komuniti Muslim dan non-Muslim. Dapatan analisis SPSS secara deskriptif menunjukkan beberapa elemen dan indikator kesepaduan sosial dibina melalui interaksi seharian seperti makan bersama, tinggal bersama, sambutan perayaan, menghadiri upacara pengkebumian, penyediaan makanan untuk sahur dan berbuka puasa, perlaksanaan solat di rumah pihak berbeza agama. Hasil kajian menunjukkan sikap penerimaan dan akomodatif mencatatkan respon tertinggi serta kesediaan penganut pelbagai agama menangani perbezaan dan konflik secara harmonis. Sikap dan perlakuan inilah yang memupuk kesepaduan sosial sehingga terbentuk ahli komuniti masyarakat berbeza agama yang mudah berkompromi dan akomodatif di pedalaman Sabah.</p> 2019-10-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://majmuah.com/journal/index.php/bij/article/view/35 Using GIMP and ShaderMap Tools as an Alternative Segmentation Method for Retinal Image Enhancement 2019-10-12T06:45:11+00:00 Sarah Qahtan Mohammed Salih sarah.qahtan@mtu.edu.iq Abdul Sattar Arif Khammas abdulsattar.arif@mtu.edu.iq <p>Retinal image segmentation plays an important role in monitoring and diagnosing retinal diseases. It is considered as one of the most challenging tasks for computer graphics researchers. Many researchers used complex approach to obtain the segmentation of retinal images for medical diagnoses. However, the main goal of this study was to propose an alternative method for segmenting retinal image by employing two tools. ShaderMap and GIMP, the GNU Image Manipulation Program used in this paper for creating normal map that can improve the retinal image and give an alternative of those acquired from segmentation. The performance of the proposed method was evaluated on one high resolution retinal image datasets (REVIEW) and one low resolution image datasets (DRIVE). According to the pre-designed questionnaire, the proposed method improved the retinal image and GIMP gave better result compared to ShaderMap. However, when high resolution retinal image used there was no significant differences between both tools.</p> 2019-10-12T06:38:58+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##